Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Total Expenses and Percent Distribution for Selected Conditions by Source of Payment: United States, 2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Household Component Data (Washington, DC: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality),

American College of Surgeons, National Trauma Data Bank 20016: Annual Report (Chicago, IL: American College of Surgeons, 2016),

Himmelstein, David, et al. “Medical Bankruptcy in the United States, 2007: Results of a National Study,” Clinical Research Study vol. 122, no. 8 (Aug. 2009): 741 – 746. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2009.04.2012

Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of hospital inpatient data from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), State Inpatient Databases and quarterly 2012 and 2014 data. Data available at:

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 10 Leading Causes of Death by Age Group, United States – 2015 (Washington, DC: National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC).

T. Ng, C. Harrington, M. Musumeci, and P. Ubri, Medicaid Home and Community-Based Services Programs: 2013 Data Update, Kaiser Family Foundation (October 2016),

M. O’Malley Watts, M. Musumeci and P. Ubri, Medicaid Section 1115 Managed Long-Term Services and Supports Waivers: A Survey of Enrollment, Spending, and Program Policies, Kaiser Family Foundation (January 2017)

Weir, Sharada, et al. “One-year treatment costs of trauma care in the USA,” Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research vol. 10, no. 2 (2010): p. 187+,,org/10.1586/erp.10.8

2015 AHA Annual Survey, Copyright 2016 by Health Forum, LLC, an affiliate of the American Hospital Association. Special data request, 2016. Available at

Go to Source

Medicaid’s Role in Trauma Care